Specification • Evaluation of buckling strength shall consider the combined action of primary and secondary stresses and their effects on general instability, local or panel instability, crippling, and creep.
Specification • Cleanliness is an important design consideration which can be mitigated by the mechanical structure and processes. Systems adjacent to an optical payload may have more strict cleanliness requirements than non-optical payload. The following sections describe the requirements which deal with Cleanliness considerations for the JAS mechanical structure.
Coating Surface Resistivity
Specification • The thickness of all chemical film treatments need to be controlled to provide low surface resistivity. Surface resistivity shall be less than 1 x 109 ohm/ square.
Coating Volume Resistivity
Specification • All paints and coatings shall have a volume resistivity less than 1 x 109 ohm-cm.
Specification • The JAS mechanical structure shall implement a coordinate system as a reference point for the design. The mounting of each component should be considered as the coordinate reference. The coordinate frame can originate on a pin-and-slot mounting. [Placeholder: Defining a coordinate frame helps to determine center of gravity, mass, envelopes...
Specification • The following sections define some important design constraints that the program will levy on the system. The constraints will drive many of the choices in designing the mechanical system.
Specification • For strength and buckling analyses, minimum material thickness shall be used. Minimum thickness is defined as the nominal thickness minus the lower tolerance and applies to metallic and nonmetallic structural elements. For modeling purposes and stiffness calculations, use nominal or expected values. For flexures the Maximum blade thickness shall be...
Design Ultimate Load
Specification • The JAS mechanical structure shall have sufficient strength to simultaneously withstand design ultimate loads, the corresponding temperature, pressure and accompanying environmental phenomena without failure.
Design Yield Load
Specification • The JAS mechanical structure shall withstand design yield loads, the corresponding temperature, pressure and associated environmental phenomena without permanent deformations, or permanent misalignments, of all components.
Specification • Each equipment design shall provide electrical continuity across mechanical interfaces in accordance with the design requirements of this specification. Electrical continuity will be achieved to the maximum practical extent by direct metal-to-metal contact across the entire interface surface. If the electrical resistance across mechanical interfaces is measured to be less...
Specification • Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) and Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) are important design considerations which can be mitigated by the mechanical structure. EMI limits may be in place due to application-specific requirements, but more importantly, EMI can be detrimental to electronics because of the sensitive nature of many of the modern systems and...
Specification • The assembled JAS mechanical structure shall attempt to fit the space available without violating any system-level keep out zones.
Specification • Unless otherwise specified, the JAS mechanical structure shall meet these specifications during or after exposure to all environmental conditions specified in the Environmental specification. All of the intended application’s performance parameters must be considered to determine if the mechanical design can withstand the impacts of all environments.
Exposure to Space Environment
Specification • This section is a system level consideration and is included for information purposes only. The view to space shall be considered for both thermal and radiation effects. Thermal-related issue: heat-dissipation Radiation-related: TID (lifetime), SEE, shielding and impact on mass
Factors of Safety
Specification • The JAS mechanical structure shall have strength margins of safety greater than zero when calculated from analytically derived structural loads. The factors of safety (FS), shown in the first table below, and test load factors, shown in the second table below, shall be applied to the limit loads. All laminated...
Specification • The JAS mechanical structure metallic elements shall be designed to withstand the effects of cyclic load condition caused by the design environment. The design environment includes all ground handling transportation, testing, launch and on orbit operational environments indicated in the Environmental Specification. MSFC-HDBK-505 Chapter 7 shall be implemented for fatigue...
Specification • While no specific form factor standard is specified in JAS it is highly recommended that programs make use of a standards-based mechanical design such as VPX defined by VITA. Although VPX is preferred, other standards may be considered for use as well. The consideration of alternate standards should carefully consider...
Specification • The first mode of the JAS mechanical structure shall be greater than 500 Hz when mounted to a rigid surface.
Specification • The JAS mechanical structure shall use EMI gasketing to reduce EMI emissions as appropriate for the intended application.
Gravity Release Impact
Specification • The JAS mechanical structure shall remain within given displacements as applied by determining gravity release impacts on the mechanical structure.
Specification • Grounding provisions are required for the mechanical design to eliminate the potential for ESD charging on floating metal. Any component members with surface areas greater than 20 cm2 shall have a grounding provision. Bolted fittings are acceptable as grounding provisions if the joint meets the electrical resistance requirement for bonding....
Specification • The JAS mechanical structure shall maintain the electronics/PCBs within given displacements as applied by determining humidity impacts on the mechanical structure. If composite structures are used, the humidity should remain between a saturated composite at nominal 60% RH test area and a dry composite at 0% RH humidity vacuum environment...
Specification • The JAS mechanical structure shall be designed to a prescribed Interface Control Drawing (ICD) as required by the application. Requirements called out in the ICD should include an answer to most of the design considerations in this specification.
Specification • The design shall show positive margin against thermal design so junction temperatures do not exceed maximum component values for worst case orbits at beginning (BOL) and end of life (EOL).
Specification • The JAS mechanical structure shall be constructed of materials capable of performing for the necessary mission life time (for example, 3 years storage in an inert atmosphere and 10 years on orbit). This analysis will require extensive parts and materials screening and processing.
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