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2 D Meshes and 2 D Toroids

Other • 2-D meshes are one of the easiest topologies to visualize – nodes are connected in a “grid” fashion (see Figure). The simple layout also allows many problems to map easily to the structure of this network. 2-D Mesh and 2-D Toroid 2-D meshes have unequal node degree. The node degree...

Joint Architecture Standard Overview > Network Topologies > 2 D Meshes and 2 D Toroids

3 D Meshes and 3 D Toroids

Other • 3-D meshes and 3-D toroids are similar to 2-D meshes and toroids, except the 3-D mesh/toroid is expanded along the Z-axis to provide another dimensional layer of nodes. In the case of the 3-D toroid, the topmost nodes (along the new Z-axis) are connected to the bottommost nodes (see Figure)....

Joint Architecture Standard Overview > Network Topologies > 3 D Meshes and 3 D Toroids

Acknowledgement and Retransmit

Specification • The receiver shall send a positive acknowledgment (ACK) packet for each DATA packet received without error.

Communication Specification > SpaceWire > Protocols > JAS Reliable Data Delivery Protocol > Overall Functional Description > Acknowledgement and Retransmit

Acronyms

Other • Acronym Definition A/D Analog-to-Digital (as in A/D converter) ACK Acknowledge ADC Analog-to-Digital Converter API Application Program Interface APID Application Identifier APP Application CCC Cube-Connected Cycles CCITT From French: Comité Consultatif International Téléphonique et Télégraphique International Telegraph and Telephone Consultative Committee CC-NUMA Cache Coherent-Non-Uniform Memory Access CCSDS Consultative Committee for Space...

Joint Architecture Standard Overview > Acronyms

Addressing

Profile • SpaceWire supports three types of addressing: Path (Physical) Addressing, Logical Addressing, and Regional Addressing. JAS uses regional addressing because it provides the greatest flexibility to create scalable networks. Regional addressing uses a two-byte scheme where the first byte identifies the router and the second byte identifies the endpoint address connected...

Communication Profile > Interconnect Technologies > SpaceWire Interconnect > SpaceWire Transport > Addressing

Advantages of JAS

Other • A modern node-based architecture with reconfigurable node electronics and serial data links between nodes provides the core structure and flexibility needed to enable most of the design strategies. It offers a powerful, yet efficient, modular solution that can be scaled and configured to support payloads of virtually any size and...

Joint Architecture Standard Overview > JAS Rationale and Motivation > Advantages of JAS

Allocation of Service Types and Subtypes

Specification • The PUS provides a standard set of services that are targeted for communication between spacecraft and ground systems. Many of them may not be applicable to on-board communication between applications. However, nothing precludes their use in a JAS-based system. The PUS can be extended to add additional functionality to existing...

Communication Specification > JAS Packets > Packet Service Definitions > Allocation of Service Types and Subtypes

Buckling and Crippling

Specification • Evaluation of buckling strength shall consider the combined action of primary and secondary stresses and their effects on general instability, local or panel instability, crippling, and creep.

Mechanical Specification > Design Constraints > Structural Integrity > Buckling and Crippling

Buffer Fragmentation and Reassembly

Specification • In cases where a higher-level transmit application (or higher layer in a communications stack) must transmit a buffer of data that exceeds the JRDDP MTU size, the buffer must be fragmented into a series of JRDDP packets and then reassembled at the receive TEP before returning the buffer to the...

Communication Specification > SpaceWire > Protocols > JAS Reliable Data Delivery Protocol > Overall Functional Description > Buffer Fragmentation and Reassembly

Buffer Segmentation and Reassembly

Specification • In cases where a higher-level transmit application, or higher layer in a communications stack, must transmit a buffer of data that exceeds the JEEP MTU size, the buffer must be segmented into a series of JEEP packets and then reassembled at the receive TEP before returning the buffer to the...

Communication Specification > SpaceWire > Protocols > JAS Efficient Exchange Protocol > Buffer Segmentation and Reassembly

CCSDS Telecommand and Telemetry Format Packet Standard

Specification • CCSDS Space Packet The CCSDS packet format consists of a packet primary header and packet data field. The header provides routing information for the packet and metadata that describes the packet. The data field is intended to be a user-defined field that can be customized for applications. Details of how...

Communication Specification > JAS Packets > CCSDS Telecommand and Telemetry Format Packet Standard

Channel Closing Process

Specification • The following sections present the interactions (in the form of UML Sequence Diagrams) between transmit and receive endpoints while closing a channel. Various error conditions are presented in order to show nominal, delayed, and worst case scenarios. The hexagonal icons represent the TEP states while the dashed green lines represent...

Communication Specification > SpaceWire > Protocols > JAS Reliable Data Delivery Protocol > Channel Operations > Channel Closing Process

Channel Independence

Specification • Each transport channel shall operate independently from other transport channels.

Communication Specification > SpaceWire > Protocols > JAS Reliable Data Delivery Protocol > Overall Functional Description > Channel Independence